Government and artificial intelligence

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Public sector AI initiatives.

By Luke Fretwell · November 2, 2023

Government AI websites

The federal government created to centralize the Biden Administration’s efforts around artificial intelligence.

Government recruiting AI talent

The U.S. government is actively recruiting for AI-related talent to:

  • Leverage AI in Government: Assess, pilot, and launch use cases for federal agencies to responsibly leverage AI to improve government services and programs.

  • Build AI Regulatory Capacity: Ensure that the government develops and enforces policies around AI to protect rights, safety, and privacy.

  • Strengthen the AI R&D Ecosystem: Build and invest in infrastructure and oversee federal R&D to enable the next generation of cutting-edge AI systems in the U.S.

Executive orders

On October 30, 2023, the Biden Administration issued an executive order on artificial intelligence.

Executive Order Overview: Advancing AI in the U.S.

New Standards for AI Safety and Security:

  • Companies developing powerful AI systems must share safety test results with the U.S. government.
  • Rigorous standards and red-team testing by the National Institute of Standards and Technology ensure AI safety.
  • Strong standards for screening biological materials against AI-enabled risks.

Protecting Americans’ Privacy:

  • Calls on Congress to pass bipartisan data privacy legislation.
  • Federal support for privacy-preserving AI techniques, fostering research, and evaluating agency data collection practices.
  • Guidelines for federal agencies to assess privacy-preserving techniques.

Advancing Equity and Civil Rights:

  • Clear guidance against AI algorithms exacerbating discrimination.
  • Addressing algorithmic discrimination through DOJ and civil rights office coordination.
  • Developing best practices for AI in the criminal justice system.

Standing Up for Consumers, Patients, and Students:

  • Focus on responsible AI in healthcare and drug development.
  • Resources for educators deploying AI-enabled tools in education.

Supporting Workers:

  • Principles and best practices to mitigate AI’s impact on workers.
  • A report on AI’s labor-market impacts and options for federal support for workers.

Promoting Innovation and Competition:

  • National AI Research Resource pilot to support AI researchers.
  • Assistance for small developers and entrepreneurs, encouraging FTC to ensure fair competition.
  • Modernizing visa criteria to attract skilled immigrants and nonimmigrants.

Advancing American Leadership Abroad:

  • Collaborations and frameworks for safe AI deployment internationally.
  • Accelerating AI standards development with international partners.
  • Promoting responsible AI development abroad to address global challenges.

Responsible Government Use of AI:

  • Guidance for agencies’ AI use, including standards for rights and safety.
  • Efficient AI procurement and rapid hiring of AI professionals across the government.

The actions aim to secure U.S. leadership in responsible AI innovation, and the Administration will continue international collaboration for a robust global framework.

Blueprint for an AI Bill of Rights

The Blueprint for an AI Bill of Rights is a set of five principles and practices to guide the design and use of automated systems, safeguarding the rights of the American public in the era of artificial intelligence. Developed with input from the public, these principles aim to ensure that automated systems align with democratic values, protecting civil rights, liberties, and privacy. The Blueprint includes a Foreword, the five principles, guidance on applying them, and practical steps for various organizations to uphold these values. It serves as a national statement and toolkit, applicable across sectors, providing guidance where existing laws may be lacking. It informs policy decisions when current laws or policies don’t address the responsible use of automated systems.

National AI Advisory Committee

National AI Advisory Committee

The National AI Advisory Committee (NAIAC) was established under the National Artificial Intelligence Initiative Act of 2020 in the United States. Functioning as an advisory body, the NAIAC provides guidance to the President and the National Artificial Intelligence Initiative Office on matters related to the initiative’s goals. These goals include maintaining U.S. leadership in AI, advancing trustworthy AI systems, preparing the workforce for AI integration, and coordinating AI activities across sectors. The committee, composed of members with diverse expertise, submits regular reports to Congress, detailing findings and recommendations on various aspects of AI development, including competitiveness, workforce impact, ethical considerations, and international collaboration. Supported by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the NAIAC plays a crucial role in shaping the direction of AI initiatives in the United States.

The charter outlines the establishment and responsibilities of the National Artificial Intelligence Advisory Committee (NAIAC) by the U.S. Department of Commerce. Key points include advising on AI initiatives, reporting findings to the President and Congress, and operating under the oversight of the Secretary of Commerce. The Committee’s duties encompass assessing U.S. leadership in AI, progress in AI workforce preparation, and societal impacts. It will meet at least twice a year, with support from the the U.S. Department of Commerce’s National Institute of Standards and Technology. The charter is effective for three years, subject to renewal or termination.

Key points:

  1. Committee Establishment: The NAIAC is created in accordance with the National Artificial Intelligence Initiative Act of 2020, aiming to provide advice on the National Artificial Intelligence Initiative (Initiative).

  2. Objectives and Scope: The NAIAC aims to advise the President and the National Artificial Intelligence Initiative Office on matters related to AI, focusing on U.S. leadership, trustworthy AI systems, workforce preparation, and coordination among agencies.

  3. Duties: The Committee, functioning as an advisory body, will offer recommendations on various aspects, including U.S. competitiveness, progress of the Initiative, AI’s impact on the workforce, science around AI, and societal issues.

  4. Reporting: The Committee will submit reports to the President and Congress at least once every three years, detailing findings and recommendations related to the Initiative.

  5. Reporting Structure: The Committee reports administratively through the Secretary of Commerce, who oversees the delivery of required reports to the President and Congress.

  6. Support: The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) will provide support for the Committee’s functions and ensure compliance with relevant regulations.

  7. Operating Costs: The estimated annual operating cost to NIST is approximately $300,000, with an estimated annual personnel cost of 1.5 full-time equivalent.

  8. Designated Federal Officer: The Director of NIST will appoint a Designated Federal Officer (DFO) and an Alternate DFO to oversee Committee meetings and functions.

  9. Membership: Committee members, appointed by the Secretary of Commerce, include individuals with broad expertise and perspectives, representing academia, various sectors, nonprofit organizations, and federal laboratories.

  10. Subcommittees: NIST may establish subcommittees, task forces, and working groups when necessary, and the Committee’s Chairperson will establish a subcommittee focusing on AI’s development in law enforcement.

  11. Recordkeeping: Committee records will be handled in accordance with approved agency records disposition schedules and will be available for public inspection under the Freedom of Information Act.

The charter remains in effect for three years from the filing date unless terminated or renewed earlier.

White House


  1. Voluntary Commitments with AI Companies: The Biden-Harris Administration secured voluntary commitments from leading AI companies, such as Amazon, Google, Microsoft, and OpenAI, to ensure the safe, secure, and transparent development of AI technology. These commitments include safety testing, information sharing, and cybersecurity measures.

  2. Executive Order and Legislation: The administration has expressed its intention to develop an Executive Order and pursue bipartisan legislation to govern AI development in the United States. The goal is to establish a comprehensive framework for responsible AI innovation.

  3. International Collaboration: The White House is actively engaging with international allies and partners to establish a strong global framework for the development and use of AI. Consultations have taken place with various countries, including Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, India, Japan, the UK, and others.

  4. Blueprint for an AI Bill of Rights: The administration published a landmark Blueprint for an AI Bill of Rights, outlining principles to safeguard Americans’ rights and safety in the realm of AI.

  5. Executive Orders Against Bias: President Biden signed an Executive Order directing federal agencies to address bias in the design and use of new technologies, including AI, and to protect the public from algorithmic discrimination.

  6. National AI R&D Strategic Plan: The administration released a National AI R&D Strategic Plan to advance responsible AI, emphasizing research and development efforts.

  7. AI Safety Summit: President Biden met with CEOs of leading AI companies, including Google, Anthropic, Microsoft, and OpenAI, to underscore their responsibility and emphasize the importance of driving responsible, trustworthy, and ethical innovation in AI.

  8. National AI Research Institutes: The National Science Foundation announced a $140 million investment to establish new National AI Research Institutes, contributing to AI research and development across the country.

  9. Policy Guidance for Federal Agencies: The Office of Management and Budget is expected to release draft policy guidance for federal agencies to ensure that the development, procurement, and use of AI systems prioritize the rights and safety of the American people.

Summary of Biden-⁠Harris Administration Secures Voluntary Commitments from Leading Artificial Intelligence Companies to Manage the Risks Posed by AI (July 21, 2023):

  • Biden-Harris Administration emphasizes responsible AI development with a focus on safety, security, and trust.
  • Seven leading AI companies commit to measures for safe and transparent AI development.
  • Commitments include security testing, information sharing, and cybersecurity investment.
  • Pledge to facilitate third-party discovery of vulnerabilities and quick issue resolution.
  • Development of technical mechanisms like watermarking for AI-generated content awareness.
  • Public reporting on AI system capabilities, limitations, and appropriate use.
  • Prioritization of research on societal risks, avoiding bias and discrimination.
  • Engagement with international allies to establish a global framework for AI governance.
  • Ongoing initiatives include an AI Bill of Rights, executive orders against bias, and significant AI research investments.
  • Future plans involve an Executive Order, bipartisan legislation, and policy guidance for federal agencies.

Blueprint for an AI Bill of Rights (October 22, 2022)

U.S. government AI use cases


State and local artificial intelligence


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