The overarching point is that the objective isn’t to build the next Silicon Valley, but rather to create an environment that serves as the foundation for entrepreneurship, technology and innovation.
According to Wilson, in order to cultivate a startup ecosystem, cities need to focus on four objectives:
- Talent: “Talent exists everywhere, but there is more talent some places than elsewhere. You need technical talent in many cases if you want to create tech companies.” I’ll add that this is becoming increasingly easier as a distributed work environment is becoming easier and easier to manage.
- Capital: “More than anything you need angel money. When I go to places like Buffalo or Cleveland or St. Louis or Des Moines or Detroit, what I say is ‘get the rich people in your city to take their money out of bonds and put them into startups.’ You’re not going to create the next generation of companies with all of your wealth people having their money in bonds, clipping coupons. … The most critical thing is angel capital.”
- Cheerleading: “I do it. You know, a lot of people credit me for what happened here in New York, and I don’t think that I deserve a ton of credit, but one thing I’ve been from day one is I’ve been tooting our horn and cheerleading and talking and promoting and hyping what’s been going on here in New York. And, I’ve got to tell you, I think Mayor Bloomberg did a lot of that in the last six years. He, all of a sudden, started realizing there was a tech sector here, and he started cheerleading it. They created some policies that were favorable, but I don’t think that the policies had anything to do with, were anywhere near as powerful as the cheerleading.”
- Experience: Ross Sorkin interrupted Wilson with a question related to cheerleading, and the questioning turned to other topics, so he didn’t have a chance to expound on this point.
Washington, D.C. Mayor Muriel Bowser recently discussed this same issue on the a16z Podcast.
Related to cultivating technology hubs, Brad Feld has an excellent book on building startup communities that is a must-read for every mayor and city chief technology/information/innovation officer.